The position of the United States Supreme Court used to be that the laws protecting us from sex discrimination did not apply when a woman was discriminated against because of her pregnancy. Ignoring the rather obvious link between being female and being pregnant, the Court reasoned that it was not sex discrimination when an employer treated “pregnant people” differently than “non-pregnant people.”
In response, Congress passed the Pregnancy Discrimination Act in 1978, which made it clear that laws prohibiting discrimination based on sex included pregnancy discrimination and discrimination based on pregnancy-related conditions.
Iowa law guarantees women up to 8 weeks of medical leave for pregnancy, childbirth, and related medical conditions. This can be important information to know, especially if you do not qualify for FMLA leave because of the size of your employer or the short time you’ve been employed.